WHAT IS PSYCHOTHERAPY?
Psychotherapy is a therapy that takes advantage mainly of dialogue and relationships and it's directed towards those people who are going through a particularly critical moment in their life and are struggling to find a solution. Psychotherapy also aims to help those people who repeatedly undergo situations of emotional and psychophysical distress.
This discomfort can be revealed by insecurity and a lack of self-esteem, by feeling as if there's no way out, from turning around a problem endlessly, or being unable to overcome a loss or grief, and perceiving the impossibility of communicating with other people. Discomfort can also show up as anger, anxiety, sadness, panic attacks, sexual problems, relational difficulties, and other psychological symptoms.
Psychotherapy's purpose is to support people in their suffering and with the complexity of their pain and also to help them discover and strengthen their skills.
It also allows people to reach a higher awareness of themselves and to gain new tools to deal with problems and changes, and to feel more effective and at ease in one's life different spheres (relationships, work, family).
A Psychotherapist is a medical doctor or a psychologist who completed specialised post-graduate education in psychotherapy techniques at a four-year specialist School approved by MIUR (Ministry of Education, Universities and Research). Psychotherapists are enrolled in the Psychotherapists' list of their corresponding Professional Register.
There are many Psychotherapy models in use today. They differ according to the type of techniques, and depending on the basis of the theoretical approach.
Systemic-Relational Approach, in particular, considers individuals as belonging to more than one System, alternately represented by the couple, the nuclear and enlarged family, their work environment, their friendship context, and by society.
Within these Systems, people are related to each other by virtue of their interactions, emotional bonds and interdependence. These connections are important reference points for understanding their inner world and the world surrounding each individual.
The symptom, in this perspective, acquires a significance that has to be read as the expression of a subjective, interpersonal and cognitive experience of that person.
After two preliminary one-to-one meetings, lasting between 7-10 days, to frame the chief problems and patient's expectations, a final evaluation defines which is the most appropriate kind of psychotherapy treatment to be taken up in that situation, the frequency of the sessions and, if possible, an approximate duration for the therapy.
A psychotherapy treatment can be:
Individual – sessions about 60-minute-long, once weekly or fortnightly. Individual psychotherapy is suggested to people living through remarkable personal difficulties in their working environment, in their relational or familiar contexts, or in relating to themselves.
Family Therapy – sessions about 90-minute-long, monthly. This format is recommended when a problem involves the whole family, or when a family member's discomfort has serious consequences on the others, or the problem affects a child or an adolescent.
Couple Therapy – sessions about 90-minute-long, once every 3-4 weeks. Couple psychotherapy aims at setting up a new balance in those couples who are taking on sexual or relational problems, including conflicting relationships, complicated separations, unfaithfulness, illness or psychological distress of a member of the couple, parenthood difficulties and, on the whole, all the situations that entail high levels of tension and pressure for a couple.
Psychological consultations and psychotherapy sessions are available in English and Spanish.
Online psychotherapy is available for Italian expats living abroad.